Optimal Transport Approach for Probabilistic Robustness Analysis of F-16 Controllers

A. Halder, K. Lee and R. Bhattacharya

Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, Vol. 38, No. 10, pp. 1935–1946, 2015.

Abstract: This paper presents a new framework for controller robustness verification with respect to F-16 aircraft's closed-loop performance in longitudinal flight. We compare the state regulation performance of a linear quadratic regulator (LQR) and a gain-scheduled linear quadratic regulator (gsLQR), applied to nonlinear open-loop dynamics of F-16, in presence of stochastic initial condition and parametric uncertainties, as well as actuator disturbance. We show that, in presence of initial condition uncertainties alone, both LQR and gsLQR have comparable immediate and asymptotic performances, but the gsLQR exhibits better transient performance at intermediate times. This remains true in the presence of additional actuator disturbance. Also, gsLQR is shown to be more robust than LQR, against parametric uncertainties. The probabilistic framework proposed here, leverages transfer operator based density computation in exact arithmetic and introduces optimal transport theoretic performance validation and verification (V&V) for nonlinear dynamical systems. Numerical results from our proposed method, are in unison with Monte Carlo simulations.